When using lumber, choosing the right wood species can make all the difference for your project. After all, the right wood for furniture or cabinet making is not going to be the same as your first choice for home construction. By understanding a few key considerations, you can make the right choice for your next project.
The wood species is one of the first things to look at when selecting lumber. For example, softwoods like pine, cedar, and fir are typically used for building applications thanks to their rot and insect-resistance. They are also used for exterior projects like decking.
Wood grain patterns create a mix of darker and lighter wood that affect the lumber’s appearance and texture. The grain can vary significantly between each species of wood. If you’re trying to craft something with more unique character, use open-grained hardwoods like ash and oak to achieve a rustic or unique design. On the other hand, if you prefer a subtle or more polished look, choose a closed grain hardwood like maple and cherry.
One commonly overlooked aspect of selecting lumber is its moisture content. A wood’s moisture content influences its strength, and wood will expand or shrink as moisture levels increase or decrease. Wood is typically either kiln-dried or air-dried to reduce the risk of excess shrinkage or damage. Generally speaking, wood that will be used for interior projects should have a moisture level of 6-8%, while exterior wood projects should have a moisture level of 9-14%.
Contact us today to request a quote or learn more